What is Human Resources (HR)?

Posted by on Nov 6, 2016 in HR, Human Resources | Comments Off on What is Human Resources (HR)?


Human Resources is defined as a part of an organization that focuses on the employee’s benefits, personnel services, and administrative services. They also provide employee resources, training, employee counseling, health administrative services, payroll, and other services. The goal is to provide services that the employees need so they will be able to find the work efficiently and effectively for the organization.

HR also focuses on recruiting, pensions, bonuses, confidential records, record keeping, employee evaluations, career advancement, interviewing, hiring, promotions, orientation, and background checks. To work in this type of career requires a college training in this specialty through four years of post-secondary schooling to obtain a bachelor’s degree and some levels of the human resources requires a graduate degree which can take approximately two years or more to complete. Although a degree may not be required for every human resources job position, in this day and age, a degree is almost required for a majority of the job positions.


Within the recruitment development of human resources, they view several factors, which are population or the overall demographics, which includes gender, age, and societal class. This is looked at in depth for pension, health insurance, and insurance offering. Another factor is the diversity within the workplace such as the age of the employees, including gender, race, etc. Finally, the view of the skills and other additional qualifications of the employees such as their professional rewards, managerial levels, involvement in the community, etc.

Some of the most important functions of an HRM include the following:

1 Institute’s policies and procedures that are unique to a company and its people but also adheres to labour law and regulations. This protects the company and its staff.

2. Establishes systems and processes that control staff e.g. laws regarding breaks leave, punctuality and the like.

3. Evaluates systems and makes recommendations for improvements.

4. Establishes rules and guidelines regarding recruitment and selection based on the company’s value system and requirements.

5. Serves as a representative for the human resources department of the company.

6. Provides reports on all aspects of HRM function to those who require it.

7. Implements training and skills development systems for employees.

8. Heads up assessment of employees.

9, Implements company-wide performance management strategies.

10. Deals with employee grievances involving policies, procedures, payroll, leave and any other aspect that is people oriented in the company.

By looking at the above functions, you can see that the role of a human resources Manager covers every possible aspect of HRM in a company. They are the person that makes sure everything runs the way it is supposed to; an integral bridge between management and employees that no company can successfully do without.